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以胡适为例论现代中国哲学史研究的探索

更新时间 2009-11-30 16:31:50 点击数:

以胡适为例论现代中国哲学史研究的探索
Hu Shih as an Example to Explore Modern Research on History of Chinese Philosophy
【摘要】 近年来,对胡适的研究已越来越多,研究所涉及的范围也越来越广,但目前对于胡适的研究主要是对于胡适一生成就的总体研究,对胡适各方面思想的总体把握,却未能凸显出胡适在现代中国学术背景下对于中哲史研究的一种探索。在针对胡适的中哲史研究所进行的研究中,胡适的《中国哲学史大纲》始终是研究的热点问题,但却较少有人注意到《中国哲学史大纲》和《先秦名学史》作为一个研究系统所具有的一大特点,即胡适对于“逻辑”的关注。此外,对于胡适的其他哲学史研究的著作,《戴东原的哲学》和《中国中古思想史长编》,很少将这些较晚时期的著作与胡适早期的著作联系起来,关注胡适的思想理路的变化,本文则侧重从此方面进行探索。本篇论文试图从胡适关于中国哲学史的基本著作出发,研究胡适的具体文本,从胡适的中哲史研究中分出他个人研究中的两次转型,第一次是《戴东原的哲学》对于《先秦名学史》和《中国哲学史大纲》这一注重逻辑的中哲史研究方法的转型;第二次是《中国中古思想史长编》对于之前的中哲史研究的转型。本文以期在对这两次转型的分析中,可以探寻胡适哲学史研究的方法变迁,明晰胡适在现代中国的学术转型中建立的一种新范式,并希望可以从中进一步窥见当时中国学术思想转型历程的一斑。

【Abstract】 In the recent years,there have been so many researches on Hu Shih,those researches has extended to almost every aspect of Hu Shih'studies.However,those researches on Hu Shih are mainly for lifetime achievement Hu Shih's overall research,failed to highlight his research into Chinese philosophy in modern Chinese academic background.In those researches into the study of Chinese philosophy conducted by Hu Shih, Hu Shih's Outline of the History of Chinese Philosophy is always on the hot issues,but fewer noted that Hu Shih'concern for logic is the major characteristic of the system formed by Outline of the History of Chinese Philosophy and A Study of the Development of Logical Method in Ancient China.For Hu Shih's other books on the history of Chinese philosophy,Tai Tung-yuan's Philosophy and History of Thought in Medieval China,very few is aware of link between these late works and Hu Shih's early writings,few is concern about the changes in those methods Hu Shih adopted in the research into history of Chinese philosophy.This thesis will focus on this aspect and explore from this.This thesis attempts to study into Hu Shih' research methods on the history of Chinese philosophy through his books,to focus on the specific books of Hu Shih rather than the whole lifetime research made by Hu,to devide Hu Shih's research on history of Chinese ancient philosophy into two parts,and mark the two academic transformations,the first was marked by Tai Tung-yuan's Philosophy,compared to A Study of the Development of Logical Method in Ancient China and Outline of the History of Chinese Philosophy,which two focused so much on logic;the second was marked by History of Thought in Medieval China,compared to those earlier books,Hu Shih even changed the name of his book from History of Chinese Philosophy to History of Thought.This thesis hope to explore the changes in Hu Shih's research methods on history of Chinese philosophy,then to clear the new paradigm established by Hu Shih,in the background of China's modern academic transformation after all the analysis of these two research transformations,And hope that from this we can get a further insight into the academic transformation in modern China. 

【关键词】 胡适; 中国哲学; 研究方法; 现代学术转型
【Key words】 Hu Shih ; Chinese philosophy ; research methods; academic transformation
  以胡适为例论现代中国哲学史研究的探索

中文摘要 3-4
ABSTRACT 4-5
第1章 绪论 7-12
    1.1 选题说明 7-8
    1.2 研究现状 8-9
    1.3 研究内容和方法 9-12
第2章 中国现代学术史回顾及胡适思想源流 12-16
    2.1 中国现代学术背景 12-13
    2.2 “中国哲学”的争论 13-14
    2.3 胡适思想源流 14-16
第3章 胡适回国前后的早期探索——对于中国思想史中逻辑方法的关注 16-32
    3.1 《先秦名学史》与《中国哲学史大纲》 16-17
    3.2 谢无量的《中国哲学史》和冯友兰的《中国哲学史》 17-18
    3.3 对孔子思想的研究 18-26
    3.4 墨子思想的研究 26-31
    3.5 本章小结 31-32
第4章 从“哲学”到“思想”——胡适在二三十年代的中国哲学史研究 32-41
    4.1 《戴东原的哲学》和《中国中古思想史长编》 32-34
    4.2 “哲学史”笔法的转型 34-36
    4.3 “哲学史”笔法向“思想史”笔法的转变 36-39
    4.4 本章小结 39-41
结束语 41-43
参考文献 43-46
致谢 46

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