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科技理性与价值理性关系反思及在中国的现代建构

更新时间 2009-10-13 15:47:34 点击数:

科技理性与价值理性关系反思及在中国的现代建构
Reflection the Relationship between Technologic Rationality and Value Rationality and Their Modern Construction in China
毕业论文www.lwkoo.cn
【中文摘要】 科技理性和价值理性是人类理性主干上的两大枝干,是人类把握外部世界和人自身的两种能力,是人类在探析对象和发现自己的活动中形成的两种方法与价值体系。它们的形成为人类认识世界和建构文化提供了一种思维的视角,它们的分野与对峙带来文明的分裂与失衡,造成现代化发展的危机,给中西现代化造成了难以忘却和弥补的痛苦与尴尬。是科技理性导致了现代社会的危机吗?科技理性与价值理性是决然对立的吗?它们有没有对话的一面?在对科技理性与价值理性进行考辩之时,我们发现两者具有同根性,有交融的一面。因此,本文将试图探索科技理性与价值理性的和谐统一,从而为构建科技理性与价值理性观照下的和谐社会作出有益的探索。国内外的学者对此问题进行了深入的探讨,但是由于问题本身的复杂性和不断出现的新特点,也就未能完全找到深化对此问题研究的途径。本文试图在吸取已有研究成果的基础上,力图超越西方学界的视界,把科技理性与价值理性置于同一对话的平台之上,进行同等的审视。对科技理性与价值理性的关系问题尽可能做出整体性的审视与反思,揭示其内在的联系,提供一种理解科学发展观的新视野,展现一种构建和谐社会的新方法。为此,本文分为以下四个部分:第一部分:理性的两翼。笔者遵循逻辑与历史一致的方法,本着理论与实践相结合的原则,以马克思主义哲学观为指导,从哲学的高度对理性,科技理性与价值理性进行探讨。从理性的发展及内涵入手揭示科技理性和价值理性演变的线索,并对科技理性和价值理性的概念、内涵、特征等进行全面而深入的阐述,由此从中理解科技理性和价值理性所具有的理论意义和实践意义。第二部分:科技理性与价值理性的冲突。笔者首先分析了科技理性与价值理性冲突的根源,然后从两个方面对其冲突的表现进行了说明。从科技理性的高扬表明科技独领风骚;从价值理性的失范表明价值理性的独断论。究竟选择科技理性还是价值理性,揭示出科技理性与价值理性的冲突及其各自内在的局限性客观存在。第三部分:科技理性与价值理性的交融。本部分是文章的重心,该部分首先分析科技理性与价值理性的应然状态,从科技理性与价值理性的汇流,得出科技理性向价值理性渗透及价值理性向科技理性融合。再从克服两种理性的自身局限性出发,达到两种理性的真正融通,从而为构建和谐社会增添一种新的构建方案。第四部分:中国科技理性与价值理性的现代建构。笔者先分析了中国科技理性与价值理性的现代建构的必要性;然后从中国这个视域出发,提出了三条建构的途径。

【英文摘要】 The technologic rationality and the value rationality are two big branches of the human rationality branch,are two kinds of abilities about the humanity grasping the outside world and human own,are two methods and value systems about the humanity in Searching for analyzing the object and discovering own activity forms,they have provided a kind of thought angle of view for understanding world and the construction culture,their dividing and confrontation makes the fission and unbalanced about civilization,makes the crisis about modernized development,makes China and the West modernization have difficulty with the atonement pain and awkward.Did the technologic rationality cause modern society's crisis? Are the technical rationality and the value rationality in oppose decidedly? Did they have dialogue with other side? Thinking from the technologic rationality and the value rationality,we discover that they have both the same character,have the same side which to blend.Therefore,this article will attempt to explore the harmonious unification about technologic rationality and the value rationality, make the beneficial exploration for harmonious society under which the construction of technologic rationality and value rationalityThe domestic and international scholars have all carried on the deep discussion to this question,but because the complexity of question itself and new characteristic appearing constantly,it can only say that it is preliminary in study on this question,has not totally find and deepen the way of deepening this problem,This article tries its best to surmount the Western scholars' opinions on the basis of drawing the existing achievements in research.Put in the technologic rationality and the value rationality above the identical platform,carry on the same level carefully examining.Makes integrity as far as possible to the technologic rationality and the value rationality relations question carefully examining with reconsidering,It reveals internal relation of them,offers the new field of vision of a kind of understanding view of the scientific concept of development,and represents a new method of Building a harmonious society.For this reason,this article is divided into four following sections:Section 1:Two wings of rationality.At first the author follows logic with the historical consistent method,unifies the principle according to the theory and the practice, take the Marxist philosophy view as the instruction,from the philosophy highly to the rationality,the technical rationality and the value rational has carried on the discussion. Obtains the technical rationality and the value rationality development clue from the rational development and connotation obtaining,and to The technical rationality and the value rationality concept,the connotation,the characteristic and so on carries on comprehensive and the thorough elaboration;Simultaneously understood the significance of theory and practice about technical rationality and the value rationality.Section 2:Conflict about technologic rationality and value rationality.The author carries on the proof in two aspects.Firstly technical rationality raising high to head means list of successful candidates;then from the norm of the value rationality indicates the dogmatism Of value rationality;Facing the puzzled problem which to choose technical rationality or value rationality,we conclude that the conflict and intrinsic limited about technical rationality and value rationality is objective existence.Section 3:Blending about technologic rationality and value rationality.This part is the center of gravity in article.At first,the author analyzes the technical rationality and value rationality should to be,From technical rationality and value rationality' affiux each other,it is concluded that the technical rationality seepage to the value rationality and the value rationality fusion to the technical rationality.Then,from overcoming the own limitation of two rationality to achieve temporary credit trtily about two kinds rationality.Therefore,increasing a new method for the construction of harmonious society.Section 4:Modern construction about technologic rationality and value rationality in China.The author firstly analyzes the necessity of modern construction about technologic rationality and value rationality in China;Then embarked from Chinese sight,proposes three construction ways.
【中文关键词】 科技理性; 价值理性; 冲突; 交融; 建构
【英文关键词】 technologic rationality ; Value rationality ; Conflict; Blending ; Construction
【毕业论文目录】
内容摘要 4-6
Abstract 6-7
引言 10-11
一、理性的两翼:科技理性与价值理性 11-21
    (一) 理性 11-14
    (二) 科技与科技理性 14-17
        1.科技 14-16
        2.科技理性 16-17
    (三) 价值与价值理性 17-21
        1.价值 17-19
        2.价值理性 19-21
二、内在的汹涌:科技理性与价值理性的冲突 21-28
    (一) 科技理性和价值理性的冲突原因 21-23
    (二) 科技理性和价值理性的冲突表现 23-26
        1.科技理性的高扬 23-24
        2.价值理性的失范 24-26
    (三) 选择科技理性还是价值理性 26-28
三、两极的沟通:科技理性与价值理性的交融 28-40
    (一) 科技理性与价值理性的汇流 28-31
        1.科技理性向价值理性渗透 29-30
        2.价值理性向科技理性融入 30-31
    (二) 两种理性与社会的和谐 31-40
        1.扬弃传统理性 31-33
        2.扬弃科技理性 33-35
        3.扬弃价值理性 35-38
        4.走向社会的整体和谐 38-40
四、当代中国的呼唤:科技理性与价值理性的融合 40-47
    (一) 科技理性和价值理性融合的必要性 41-42
        1.科技理性和价值理性疏离造成人与自然之间关系异化 41
        2.科技理性和价值理性的疏离造成人与社会之间关系异化 41-42
        3.科技理性和价值理性的疏离造成人本质的异化 42
    (二) 科技理性和价值理性融合的途径 42-47
        1.弘扬科技理性,倡导科教兴国 43-44
        2.回归价值理性,营造精神家园 44-45
        3.走向生态伦理,建设生态文明 45-47
参考文献 47-50
后记 50

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