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梁启超趣味美学新论

更新时间 2009-9-3 7:07:49 点击数:

论文标题】梁启超趣味美学新论
【英文标题】
【中文摘要】 作为中国古代独具特色的美学范畴——趣味,在中国近代文化宗师梁启超的演绎下幻化成将审美与生活联系在一起的桥梁和纽带。他运用自身独特的学术方法创新趣味理论,首次提出“趣味是生活的原动力”这一论断,从感性生活层面出发对具有古典哲学玄思的趣味范畴进行了理性尚实的现代理性阐释,使趣味从高雅的美学殿堂植入我们常人的世俗生活之中。梁启超深入发掘中国传统文化的精髓、认真思考中西文明的差异并结合艺术审美实践的切身体会将古今中外美学家的趣味理论融会贯通,使趣味美学秉承、体现了中国传统文化中广纳百流、兼容并包的学术宗旨与传统。在趣味美学理论框架中梁启超将趣味放置在核心主导地位,并对趣味的层级、生成、特点和实践途径进行了系统地阐释说明,同时注重情感的熏陶作用,倡导通过情感教育培育审美趣味,以此来达到提升人格修养、重塑新民的终极目标。梁启超的趣味美学思想并非完美,但是相对于它所生成的年代已经具有了超越时代的引领价值和现实意义,对后继者进一步研究“艺术化生存”等相关课题、梳理二十世纪中国美学思想的学术源流和精神特质提供了重要而深刻的启示。其中所高扬的趣味美学精神不仅在当时起到振奋民心、启发民智的“移人”、“新民”等启蒙作用,而且在新的时代背景下对于指导我们抵抗物欲侵蚀、超越庸常生活仍然具有现实借鉴意义。本文所要研究的是梁启超趣味美学思想,为重现本理论的历史风貌、深入挖掘理论的核心思想,在结构设计上本文主要分为以下五部分:绪论部分首先对趣味作为中国特有的美学范畴在中国文艺思想发展进程中本体论的更新、演变和现代审美意义的突破进行简要地概述和阐释,表明梁启超的趣味美学思想是中国20世纪美学思想发展史上体现时代特色和学术风貌的典范,进而推导出今天重新审视梁启超趣味美学的理论价值。第一章运用社会学的研究方法对趣味美学思想形成的社会历史背景、个人经历及思想理论渊源进行尽可能详尽地阐述,从宏观的视角来把握趣味美学思想孕生的社会人文大环境。认为梁启超的趣味美学思想是具体时代环境和个人思想特质相结合的产物,是具有开拓性的中西美学的融合。第二章从艺术本质观的角度入手概括和论析了趣味美学基本理论。通过梳理研究梁启超趣味美学思想的相关书目和论文中已有的研究成果,发现在丰富的理论积淀中暗存具体实践操作手段的疲软乏力和研究方法上的单薄苍白。本部分对趣味理论重新进行内涵界定和理论辨析,认为趣味不仅仅是前人总结出的情感、创造和生命三要素构成,其内在本质应该是一种理解世界的方式,对人生价值的彻悟,是简单感性形式与深刻理性内蕴的统一。梁氏的趣味美学理论中启示人们从自然、艺术、生活三个层面进行趣味人生的实践操作和艺术化生存的规划,使趣味人生的美学设计与构想找到实现的途径和着力点。第三章是对梁启超趣味美学理论的总体评价。归纳概括梁氏趣味美学的理论成就及特色,同时也辩证地看待梁启超实现趣味理想手段的疲软乏力和他缺乏现实基础的审美理想主义。为扩展理论的现实指导意义,就趣味美学对改善当代人生存状态的启示做了进一步地辩析和阐释。结语部分指明作为特定时代产物的梁启超趣味美学思想虽不免时代与个人的局限性,但已完成了对时代文化标度的超越。梁启超通过对中国古代传统文化的解读探索出一条中国现代化的道路,给现代生活中亟待解决的审美化生存以崭新的现实启示。

【英文摘要】 As an unique aesthetic category of ancient China– taste, becomes the bridge and link connected with aesthetics and life in the interpretation of Liang Qichao who is famous as Master of Chinese modern culture .By his own unique academic methods,he proposes the assertion that“Taste is the first motive force of the life”. He makes a modern and rational explain of taste while the category is characterized with ancient philosophical thinking from the aspects of perceptual life, so that taste is implanted in the secular life of ordinary people from the elegant aesthetic palace. Liang Qichao combines and integrates theories on taste of all Chinese and foreign aesthetes after exploring the essence of Chinese traditional culture deeply and pondering the differences between Chinese and western civilization seriously together with his own experience getting from aesthetic practice. Thus his tasteful aesthetics is compatible and inclusive adhering to the academic principle and tradition of Chinese traditional culture. In the theoretical framework of tasteful aesthetics,Liang Qichao places taste in the core to be dominant and explains the hierarchy, the formation, the characteristics and the practical way of taste systematically and focuses on the nurturing role of emotion, advocating emotional education to cultivate aesthetic taste and attain the ultimate goal of improving personal character accomplishment and remolding the ideal people. Though Liang Qichao’s theory of tasteful aesthetics is not perfect, it surpasses the contemporary era and has a leading value and realistic significance comparing with the age in which it generated. It offers important and profound inspiration for continuators’further researches such as the related topics of "artistic survival" as well as analyses of academic origin and character of Chinese aesthetics in twentieth century .The advocated spirit of tasteful aesthetics played an enlightening role in inspiring the spirit and enlightening the intelligence of people at that time, for example“moving person”and“remolding ideal people”.Meanwhile in the background of new era, it remains the realistic significance for guiding us to resist the material desires and transcend the secular life.This paper is to study Liang Qichao's thought of tasteful aesthetics. In order to reproduce the historic look and excavate the central idea of the theory in depth,the paper is divided into the following five parts in the structural design:The part of introduction begins with a brief overview and interpretation of the ontological update, evolution and breakthrough regarding modern aesthetic significance of taste -the unique aesthetic category in China-in the development process of Chinese literature and art .Liang Qichao’s thought of tasteful aesthetics manifests the distinct features and academic style in the history of aesthetics' development throughout the twentieth century. And then derivate the theoretical value of putting Liang Qichao’s thought into perspective today.In the first chapter, the social and historical background, personal experience and theoretical origin which boost the thought of tasteful aesthetics is elaborated as detailed as possible relying on sociological research methods. Grasp the social and cultural environment in which the theory of tasteful aesthetics generates from the macroscopic angle. Conclusion comes out that liang's aesthetic theory is the product of specific era background and individual ideological trait and that it is the pioneering integration of Chinese and western aesthetics.The second chapter generalizes and analyzes the basic theories of tasteful aesthetics from the perspective of artistic essence. By systemizing the research results in relating books and papers about Liang’s thought of tasteful aesthetics, it is clear that the concrete practical means and research approaches are weak underlying his rich theory. This part raises a new definition and analyses theoretically of the taste. Taste is not merely comprised of emotion, creation and life which were summarized by ancestors, its inner essence should be a way of understanding the world and knowing the value of life thoroughly, and the unity of simply perceptual forms and generatively rational implications. Liang’s aesthetic theory inspire people to the practice of operating tasteful life and design for artful survival in dimensions of nature, art and life,finding approaches and breakthroughs to realize the aesthetic design and implement for tasteful life.The third chapter is the overall evaluation of Liang's life aesthetic. Sum up and summarize the theoretical achievements and features, realizing of the weakness of ideal means and aesthetic idealism for lacking of realistic basement dialectically at the same time. For the extension of the theoretical significance, further arguments and interpretations are made about enlightenments of tasting aesthetics for improving contemporary survival state.The end of this paper indicates that as the product of a specific time, Liang Qichao’s thought of tasteful aesthetics can’t avoid the limitations of the time and personal mind invariably, but it has transcended the cultural scales of an era. Basing on reading the traditional culture of ancient China, Liang Qichao explores a way to China’s modernization and gives us a few brand and practical enlightenments to aesthetic survival which is demanding in our modern life.

【中文关键词】 梁启超; 趣味; 美学; 人生观
【英文关键词】 Liang Qichao; Taste; Aesthetics; Outlook on life

【论文目录】
中文摘要 5-7
Abstract 7-8
绪论 9-11
第一章 社会背景、个人经历及思想渊源 11-26
    一、国内外社会历史背景 11-15
    二、个人经历及个性色彩 15-19
    三、趣味美学思想理论渊源 19-24
    四、趣味美学哲学基础 24-26
第二章 趣味美学基本内容 26-49
    一、趣味理论的提出 26-28
    二、理论内涵界定及本质辨析 28-29
    三、趣味的四大主体 29-34
    四、趣味的审美特征 34-38
    五、趣味的分类及标准 38-39
    六、趣味的生成条件 39-42
    七、趣味生成的途径 42-45
    八、趣味的实践方案 45-49
第三章 趣味美学理论的评价及现代启示 49-57
    一、成就及特色 49-51
    二、局限及不足 51-54
    三、现代启示 54-57
结语 57-59
注释 59-65
参考文献 65-67
致谢 67-68
攻读硕士学位期间发表的学术论文目录 68

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