载入中....
设为首页 收藏本站 联系我们 网站地图
论文网
您现在的位置: 免费毕业论文网 >> 政治论文 >> 政治哲学 >> 正文
搜索: 论文

诺齐克国家理论探析

更新时间 2009-9-10 11:20:16 点击数:

诺齐克国家理论探析
【中文摘要】 西方政治哲学中的自由主义流派是一种包含多种思想价值的体系,其中自由和平等是最重要的两种价值。但是随着政治自由和经济自由的扩大,财富分配的不平等日益明显,自由与平等的矛盾也日益加剧,这对矛盾构成了近一百年来西方社会正义理论的主题。对于这一矛盾的解决,作为平等自由主义者的代表,罗尔斯强调政治自由基础上的平等,而诺齐克极力强调自由的价值,他反对任何国家干预和再分配,主张建立一个最弱意义的国家。诺齐克的这一理论引起了巨大反响,促进了西方政治哲学的发展。鉴于此,本文系统地论述了诺齐克的“最弱意义上的国家”理论及其意义,本文主要分为五个部分。第一部分是导论,阐述了选题意义及理论背景和国内外研究现状。第二部分阐述了诺齐克与当代西方的国家理论,自由主义国家理论的历史沿革及国内外的研究现状,分析了诺齐克国家理论对传统理论的创新之处。第三部分分析了诺齐克最小国家的核心理念——权利。第四部分,对他的国家理论进行了具体分析。首先他用一种“看不见的手的方式”证明国家以一种不侵犯任何人权利的方式产生,以此反对无政府主义,证明国家的必要性:其次,他提出了持有正义理论以证明个人具有绝对的财产权,以此反对功能更多的国家。再次,他认为作为一种乌托邦结构的最弱意义的国家是令人鼓舞和吸引人的。诺齐克的论证是强有力和富于挑战性的,但仍包含着很多难以克服的弱点。最后一部分指出了对诺齐克的国家理论提出的各种评析,这些辩论促进了政治哲学的发展。虽然在他的国家理论中有很多难点和矛盾之处,但是他的国家学说对现实和理论都产生了重大影响。它引起了西方政治哲学关于自由、平等和正义问题的讨论,这一争论构成了西方学术界的前沿性话题,为政治哲学的发展做出了重要贡献。而且他关于个人权利、国家职能、分配、正义等问题的探讨发人深省。研究诺齐克的理论和西方社会关于正义问题的讨论对我国社会主义市场经济条件下的国家职能、分配等问题具有重要的启示意义

【英文摘要】 In the western politics philosophy liberalism is a system contains many kinds of values, liberty and equality are the most important of them. But along with expansion of the political freedom and the economic freedom, the wealth distribution has become increasingly unequal, liberty and equality's contradiction has become increasingly aggravated, this contradiction constituted the theme of western theories of social justice in the past 100 years. For the solution of this contradiction, as a representative of the equal liberals, Rawls emphasized equality on the basis of liberty, However Nozick strongly emphasized the value of liberty, he opposed any state intervention and redistribution, advocated a minimal state. Nozick's theory has aroused strong response and greatly pushed forward the development of western political philosophy.In the view of that, this thesis systematically expounds Nozick's theory of a minimal state and its significance. This thesis is mainly divided into five parts as following: In order to have a clearer understanding of his theory, the first part dwells on the t Topics significance and theoretical background, and the research status of Nozick's state theory at home and abroad. The second part analyses the relationship of Nozick's state theory and Contemporary Western countries theory. This part dwells on Contemporary Western countries theory, the development of liberalism's State theory and the innovation of Nozick's minimal state theory. The third part discusses the minimal state's core idea—right. The fourth part gives a specific analysis to Nozick's minimal state. First, in order to oppose anarchist theory and prove the necessity of the state, he use a manner of "invisible hand" to prove that the county can be born from state of nature without infringe people's natural rights; second, he use the "entitlement theory" (justice in holdings) to prove that everyone has the absolute property rights and any extensive state is Immoral.third,he though that as a framework for Utopia the minimal state is inspiring and attractive. Although his theory is powerful and challenging but there are some weaknesses and Contradictions in his state theory. The fifth part analyses all kinds of challenge to Nozick's state theory, These debates promote the development of Political Philosophy.Although are some weaknesses and Contradictions in his state theory, his theory has evoked repercussions in the areas of the theoretical and practical. Their arguments make up forward topics for western academic circles, which contribute much to the development of political philosophy. His theory on the rights of the individual, state functions, distribution, justice and other issues of thought-provoking. Therefore, Nozick's theory has cast enlightenment to the Human Rights state functions and distribution under the condition of socialistic market-oriented economy.

【中文关键词】 最弱意义的国家; 罗伯特·诺齐克; 持有正义; 分配正义; 权利; 社群主义
【英文关键词】 a minimal state; Robert Nozick; entitlement justice; distributive justice; rights; Communitarianism
论文目录】
摘要 2-3
ABSTRACT 3
第一章 导论 5-9
    一、选题及背景 5-6
    二、研究主题和方法 6-7
    三、相关文献综述 7-9
第二章 诺齐克与当代西方国家理论 9-17
    一、当代西方国家理论的评析 10-11
    二、自由主义国家理论的历史沿革 11-12
    三、诺齐克的最小国家理论 12-17
第三章 最弱意义国家的核心理念 17-24
    一、绝对的个人财产权 17-21
    二、消极的权利 21-22
    三、边际约束原则 22-24
第四章 诺齐克对最弱意义国家的论证 24-34
    一、最弱意义国家的产生 25-29
    二、最弱意义国家的功能模式 29-33
    三、乌托邦式的国家框架 33-34
第五章 对诺齐克最弱意义国家的各方批评 34-42
    一、对诺齐克个人自由和权利优先于国家思想的质疑 35-36
    二、对诺齐克个人权利观的批判 36-38
    三、关于诺齐克“最弱意义国家职能”的激辩 38-42
结论 42-45
参考文献 45-48

返回栏目页:政治哲学论文

设为主页】【收藏论文】【保存论文】【打印论文】【回到顶部】【关闭此页