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中国现代石版画艺术研究

更新时间 2009-9-18 11:36:39 点击数:

中国现代石版画艺术研究
The Research on the Lithographic Art in Modern China
【中文摘要】 石版画是版画中的独立版种,有其独特的艺术特点,它的出现极大地丰富并拓展了版画的表现力。尽管在中国近十几年的发展中石版画已开始使用替代品,但依然无法替代使用石材制作的石版画作品的特殊历史地位。本文共分三章。第一章石版画艺术的内涵。简要叙述了石版画在国内与国外不同的生存和发展背景,分析中、西方石版画艺术发展的差异导致了中国现代石版画发展的滞后现象以及石版画艺术发展中存在的误区;通过对石版画技术与艺术关系的比较,进一步说明“物性”与“人性”的相互依存关系是现代石版画艺术发展的核心。石版画艺术的内涵是艺术家精神、个性、创作思想的体现。离开人的发展、石版画技术的发展,石版画艺术无从发展。第二章通过对近代石版印刷术在中国的传入与应用情况的阐述,分析中国现代石版画的产生条件和发展环境。将中国现代各个时期、不同领域的石版画进行比较,说明早期的石版画仅仅应用于商业、宣传、广告、民用等生活领域。先进的石版印刷技术促进了早期中国石版画市场的发展,在石印书籍、广告、年画等方面的广泛推广,为中国现代石版画艺术的出现创造了社会环境。当铅印术逐渐取代石版印刷术的历史地位成为主要的印刷媒介,石版印刷术在商业、印刷中逐渐消逝,却为艺术家介入石版画艺术的创作提供了条件和可能,石版印刷术开始成为版画艺术的媒介物。第三章是本文的重点章节,共有四个小节。前三个小节叙述了中国现代石版画的发展历程,分析了各个时期代表画家的石版画作品说明其艺术风格与艺术家本人的精神、思想、生活有紧密的联系。石版画艺术的发展需要技术的传承和艺术的普及,以此说明石版画艺术的发展离不开人的发展。最后一个小节是文章的结论部分,通过对石版画艺术产生的社会价值和影响的分析,对中国当代艺术的生存与发展的思考,说明石版画艺术存在的重要性,中国石版画艺术发展的关键是技术与艺术、人的精神与物质的结合。
【英文摘要】 As a substantive species of engraving,the lithograph has unique artistic characteristics.And its appearance has enriched and developed the expressive of engraving enormously.Even though the lithograph has its substitute product in China in the recent several years,it cannot be replaced its special historical position.This article deviled into three parts.The first part mainly discussed the intension of the art of lithograph which included the description of the different existent and developmental background of the lithograph at home and abroad,the analysis on the deferent development condition of the lithograph between Chinese and Western which led to the lagging and misunderstanding of the development of the modern lithograph in China,and the further description of the central content of the development of the modern lithograph which is the interdependent relations of "Thingness" and "human nature" by the comparison of technical and artistic quality of the lithograph.Consequently, the central content of the development of the modern lithograph consist of the embody of artist's spirit,character and creation ideas.There will be no development for the lithograph without the development of the artist and technology.The second part analyzed the production conditions and developmental environment of the modern lithograph by the description of the introduction and application of the modern autography in China.Comparing the lithograph of each period and different fields in modern China,the lithograph in early stages just applied to the living fields including business,propaganda, advertisement and civilian.The advanced lithography technology promoted the development of the lithograph market in early China,and the widespread promotions in lithography books, advertisement and New Year's painting and so on has created the social environment for the appearance of Chinese modern lithograph art.When the letterpress printing technique gradually become the main print media substituting for the historical situation of the lithograph printing method,the lithograph printing method in the trade and printing dissipated gradually,which actually provided the conditions and possibilities for the creation of the artists to involve the lithograph art, thus the lithograph printing method started to become the intermediate of the print art.The third chapter is the emphasis of this article,divided into four sections.The first three sections narrated the developmental process of Chinese modern lithograph,and analyzed the representatives' works in each period to explain the close relations of their artistic style,spirit, thoughts,and life.The last section is the conclusion part of the article.The development of the lithograph art needs the inheritance of technologies and the popularization of the art,therefore,the lithograph art cannot develop without the development of human.According to the analysis of the social value and influence which the lithograph art has produced and the thoughts of the existence and development of the contemporary art in China,the existence of the lithograph art is significant and the key issues on the envelopment of Chinese lithograph art are the union of technologies and arts,human's spirit and the material.

【中文关键词】 石版印刷术; 石版画; 艺术特征; 存在与发展
【英文关键词】 lithography; lithograph; artistic characteristics; existence and development
毕业论文目录】
摘要 4-5
Abstract 5-6
绪论 7-11
    一、研究对象与目的 7-8
    二、国内外研究现状及分析 8-10
    三、研究方法和途径 10-11
第1章 石版画艺术的内涵 11-18
    1.1 时代背景 11-15
        1.1.1 国外石版画艺术的演变 11-13
        1.1.2 中国现代石版画艺术的环境 13-15
    1.2 艺术特征 15-18
        1.2.1 石版画的"物性"特征 15-16
        1.2.2 石版画的"人性"特征 16-18
第2章 中国近代石版印刷术的传入与应用 18-28
    2.1 石版印刷术的传入 18-19
    2.2 石版印刷术在中国的应用 19-26
        2.2.1 清朝末期的月份牌年画和石印画报 20-22
        2.2.2 民国时期的石印书籍和商业领域的应用 22-24
        2.2.3 抗战时期的石印画报与石印年画 24-26
    2.3 "物"与艺术的结合 26-28
第3章 石版画艺术在中国现代的发展 28-47
    3.1 中国现代石版画发展的萌芽期 28-31
    3.2 中国现代石版画艺术发展的形成期 31-34
        3.2.1 50年代中国代表石版画家及影响 31-33
        3.2.2 石版画艺术发展中人的因素 33-34
    3.3 中国现代石版画艺术发展的探索期 34-42
        3.3.1 80年代具有创新意识的代表石版画家 35-37
        3.3.2 90年代石版画艺术的代表画家及成熟发展 37-40
        3.3.3 石版画艺术的传承与普及 40-42
    3.4 中国现代石版画艺术的价值体现 42-47
        3.4.1 石版画艺术的社会价值当代的体现 42-43
        3.4.2 石版画艺术的美学价值当代的体现 43-44
        3.4.3 中国现代石版画艺术的启示 44-47
结语 47-49
参考文献 49-52
附录 52-54
后记 54-55

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