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济南市生态城市建设研究

更新时间 2009-9-12 22:49:25 点击数:

济南市生态城市建设研究
Studies on Eco-city Construction in Jinan City
【中文摘要】 城市作为人类文明的标志和社会经济发展的载体,是人口、产业、资金、生产力和科学技术高度集中的地区,是区域经济活动的核心。随着城市化和工业化的不断推进,社会经济得以迅速发展,与此同时,资源耗竭、环境污染、生态失衡、人口剧增等一系列环境问题相伴而生。为使城市自然、经济、社会协调发展,生态学家提出“生态城市”的发展模式。“生态城市”是人与自然和谐发展的城市发展模式,是实施可持续发展战略的必然选择,“生态城市”建设已经成为现代城市发展的方向和目标,鉴于此,本文从区域角度出发,以济南市为研究对象,从自然、经济、社会三方面来研究济南市生态城市的建设。全文共分为绪论、生态城市的理论基础、济南市生态建设条件及限制性因素分析、济南市生态城市建设评价与分析、济南市生态城市建设的主要内容及对策建议、结论六个部分。第一部分,主要介绍生态城市研究背景、意义,国内外研究现状及本文研究的内容和技术路线;第二部分,首先介绍生态城市建设系统,详细讨论了生态城市的概念,在此基础上总结了生态城市的内涵及特征、最后介绍了生态城市建设的理论基础;第三部分,针对济南市的现状,从济南城市生态建设的有利条件、限制因素等各方面进行讨论,...更多指出济南市建设生态城市的利与弊;第四部分,在参考国内外生态城市评价指标体系研究的基础上,结合济南实际,建立了全面、科学、可操作性强的生态城市评价指标体系和评价模型,选取济南2002—2007年数据,采用层次分析法对收集的相关数据进行定量分析,对济南市2002年到2007年这6年间的城市生态系统发展状况进行研究,得出近年来济南市生态城市建设存在的问题及发展水平;第五部分,从生态城市建设应遵循的基本原则出发,提出济南市生态城市建设总体构想,针对目前济南市生态城市建设存在的问题,提出济南市生态城市建设的主要内容和对策建议,为文章的重点;最后在第六部分总结了济南生态城市建设得出的一些结论:1、生态城市是一个社会和谐进步、经济高效运行、生态良性循环的城市,是“自然—经济—社会”的复合系统,是社会、经济、环境的统一体。生态城市建设的内容涉及方方面面,它不单是城市绿化、环境保护,还包括经济社会内容,涉及生产方式、观念、宣传、教育等各个方面。2、生态城市的建设不是一朝一夕可以完成的,它需要一个长期的循序渐进的过程。不同国家不同地区必须根据自身特点,合理规划,有重点、有步骤地建设生态城市。3、通过对济南市2002-2007年6年间城市生态系统发展变化状况的分析,得出济南市生态化程度处于上升阶段。4、济南市在社会经济发展中,在生态城市建设中还存在一些问题。如对环保投资不足,旅游收入占GDP比重太小,政府应加大对环保部门的投资,充分发挥济南泉城优势加快旅游业的发展。5、针对济南市自身特点、生态城市系统分析及评价发现的问题,本文提出济南市生态城市建设的对策建议,尤其用公交引导城市交通发展模式来促进济南市生态城市建设,是符合济南市实际的

【英文摘要】 A city as a symbol of human civilization and the carrier of socio-economic development, is a highly concentrated region of population,industry,finance, productivity,science and technology, is the core of regional economic activity. With the development of the urbanization and industrialization, Social economy makes the rapid development. At the same time, a series of environmental problems such as resource depletion, environmental pollution, ecological imbalance, population growth attend. In order to natural, economic and social development, some ecologists proposed "eco-city" model. "Eco-city" is the urban harmonious development model between man and nature , is the inevitable choice of the strategy of sustainable development, "eco-city" construction has become a modern urban development direction and goal, in view of this, this article from a regional perspective of Jinan City as the research object, studies on the eco-city construction in Jian city from the three areas of natural, e...更多conomic, social.This article is divided into six parts which are introduction, the theoretical basis for eco-city, the conditions and limiting factors analysis of Jinan city ecology urban construction, the evaluation and analysis of Jinan city ecology urban construction, the main content and countermeasures and suggestions of Jinan city ecology urban construction and conclusions. The first part introduces the eco-city research background, the domestic and foreign research present situation , the content and technology roadmap of this article; The second part introduces the eco-city construction system at first, discusses in detail the concept of eco-city, on the basis of summing up the meaning and the features of the eco-city, and finally introduces the theoretical foundation of eco-city construction;The third part of this article discusses the status conditions, constraints and other areas from Jinan city ecology urban construction,pointing out the advantages and disadvantages of Jinan city ecology urban construction;The fourth part establishes a comprehensive, scientific, and feasible evaluation index system of eco-city and evaluation model , basing on the reference of the evaluation index system of eco-city at home and abroad, selects the 2002-2007 datas of Jinan, uses the AHP to the datas which gains to carry on the quantitative analysis, studies the development of urban ecosystem of Jinan from 2002 to 2007 these six years, obtains the present situation and the question which has existed in the development of Jinan city ecology construction in recent years;The Part V proposes the overall concept of Jinan eco-city construction based on the basic principles to be followed by the eco-city,the main content and countermeasures and suggestions of Jinan city ecology urban construction. The part IV and V are the demonstration of this paper;Finally in part VI,this paper summarizes the conclusions drawn from the article:1、Eco-city is a city which is social harmony and progress、economic effective operation、virtuous circle of eco–city,is the composite system of "natural - economic - social", is the social, economic, environmental continuum.Eco-city construction covers all aspects, which is not only urban greening, environmental protection, but also economic and social content, involving production,concepts,information, educat- ion and other aspects.2、The eco-city construction can not be completed rapidly,which needs a long-term step-by-step process. Different regions in different countries must be reasonable planning、focused and step-by-step in the ecological city construction based on its own characteristics,.3、The article analysis the situation of development and change of Jinan urban ecosystem, and obtains the result that the degree of Jinan city ecological phase is in the rising phase.4、There are some problems in the socio-economic development and the eco-city construction in Jinan city.In case of insufficient investment in environmental protection, too small tourism revenue in the proportion of GDP, the Government should increase investment to the environmental protection departments, give full play to the advantage of Jinan Quancheng to speed up the development of tourism.5、This paper proposes the countermeasures and suggestion of Jinan ecological city construction for its own characteristics and the problems of ecological urban system analysis and evaluation, especially the Transit-Oriented Development(TOD) which is in line with the actual of Jinan to promote the Jinan eco-city construction.

【中文关键词】 生态城市; 指标体系; 层次分析法; 对策建议; 济南
【英文关键词】 Eco-city; the system of indexes; AHP; suggestions
毕业论文目录】
中文摘要 6-8
ABSTRACT 8-9
1 绪论 10-17
    1.1 研究背景及意义 10-12
        1.1.1 研究背景 10-11
        1.1.2 研究意义 11-12
    1.2 国内外研究进展 12-15
        1.2.1 国外研究进展 12-13
        1.2.2 国内研究进展 13-15
    1.3 研究内容及其技术路线 15-17
        1.3.1 研究的主要内容 15
        1.3.2 研究思路与技术路线 15-17
2 生态城市建设的理论基础 17-26
    2.1 生态城市建设系统 17-21
        2.1.1 生态城市的概念 17-18
        2.1.2 生态城市的内涵 18-19
        2.1.3 生态城市的主要特征 19
        2.1.4 生态城市的系统构成 19-20
        2.1.5 生态城市系统功能分析 20-21
        2.1.6 生态城市系统运行机制 21
    2.2 生态城市建设的理论基础 21-26
        2.2.1 可持续发展理论 21-22
        2.2.2 城市生态学理论 22
        2.2.3 城市生态规划理论 22-23
        2.2.4 循环经济理论 23
        2.2.5 耗散结构理论 23-24
        2.2.6 人居环境理论 24-26
3 济南市生态城市建设条件及限制性因素分析 26-31
    3.1 研究区概况 26-27
    3.2 济南市生态城市建设的有利条件 27-29
        3.2.1 优越的自然条件 27
        3.2.2 丰富多样的旅游资源 27-28
        3.2.3 区位环境条件十分优越 28
        3.2.4 深厚的文化底蕴 28
        3.2.5 区域经济竞争优势比较明显 28
        3.2.6 科技优势 28-29
    3.3 济南市生态城市建设的限制因素 29-31
        3.3.1 水土资源紧缺 29
        3.3.2 生态环境承载压力较大 29
        3.3.3 管理协调机制不健全 29-30
        3.3.4 城乡区域发展不协调,二元结构矛盾突出 30
        3.3.5 资源保护与利用矛盾明显,生态环境保护与建设形势严峻 30
        3.3.6 综合交通体系不完善,城市道路交通压力大 30-31
4 济南市生态城市建设评价与分析 31-46
    4.1 生态城市指标体系建立 31-34
        4.1.1 生态城市指标体系建立原则 31-32
        4.1.2 济南生态城市指标体系结构 32-33
        4.1.3 生态城市指标体系的确定 33-34
    4.2 生态城市建设评价 34-39
        4.2.1 层次分析法原理 34-36
        4.2.2 指标指数权重的确定 36-38
        4.2.3 指标指数的计算 38-39
    4.3 济南市生态城市建设评价 39-46
        4.3.1 原始数据的来源及处理 39-41
        4.3.2 指标评价结果 41-42
        4.3.3 评价结果分析 42-46
5 济南市生态城市建设的主要内容及对策 46-57
    5.1 生态城市建设的原则 46-49
        5.1.1 生态城市建设应遵循的基本原则 46-47
        5.1.2 生态城市建设总体构想 47-49
    5.2 济南市生态城市建设的主要内容 49-54
        5.2.1 生态城市空间总体布局与安排 49-50
        5.2.2 城市绿地系统建设 50-51
        5.2.3 生态环境建设和保护 51-52
        5.2.4 加强水土保持工作,防止水土流失 52
        5.2.5 生态产业建设 52-53
        5.2.6 城市基础工程建设 53
        5.2.7 环境污染控制工程建设 53-54
    5.3 济南市生态城市建设的对策 54-57
        5.3.1 要强化宣传教育,提高全社会生态环境保护意识 54
        5.3.2 以科学发展观理念进行生态城市建设规划 54-55
        5.3.3 用公交引导城市交通发展模式建设济南市生态城市 55
        5.3.4 建立强有力的生态城市建设协调机制 55
        5.3.5 加强招商引资工作,广开生态城市建设的资金来源 55-56
        5.3.6 强化城市建设的法制化管理 56
        5.3.7 强化培养生态城市建设所需要的人才 56-57
6 结论与不足 57-58
参考文献 58-61
攻读学位期间发表的论文 61-62
致谢 62

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